What is humane slaughter?
Taking bear bile alive, torturing dogs, slaughtering living chickens, cattle water injection, and so on, these vicious slaughtering of livestock events made people feel cruel. For example, in cattle water injection: scalpers are injected with water using plastic tubes inserted into their nostrils.
The injection process lasts up to 12 hours, and about 120 kg of water, to increase the weight of the cattle. During the interview, when the reporter asked the workers at the site how they felt about filling the cattle with water, they all said it was cruel.
So what is humane slaughter? The Humane Slaughter Act, or the Humane Methods of Livestock Slaughter Act, is a United States federal law designed to decrease suffering during slaughtering. It was approved on August 27, 1958.
In my opinion, humane slaughter is a moral advance for human beings. From breeding to slaughter, guarantee the welfare treatment right of poultry and livestock, reduce the pain of animal slaughter, and eliminate the phenomenon of abuse. It is not only welfare and preferential treatment provided to animals but also a safeguard for human health.
Principles of Humane Slaughter
I learned about the principles of humane slaughter. Whether it is the common slaughter of pigs and chickens or the slaughter of large animals such as cattle, all operations should be based on the following five principles: First, the disposal and facilities before slaughter should minimize the stress of the animal; The entire humanitarian slaughter process requires trained and attentive staff; Prepare appropriate and effective stun devices, which can quickly render the animal unconscious or unconscious, or prevent the animal from being subjected to vicious stress that causes it to enter a period of unconsciousness so that the animal does not wake up during slaughter.
By the requirements of the five Cardinal Principles, the use of appropriate equipment and facilities, by the correct humane slaughter practices to produce. Not only will it not increase the difficulty of personnel operation, but will improve the labor efficiency of enterprises. It can effectively reduce the production cost, reduce the yield of inferior meat, and improve the quality and safety of meat.
I think the practice of humane slaughter does reduce the animals' fear of slaughter and suffering during slaughtering.
Humane Slaughter Method
I read about companies online that help slaughterhouses do humane slaughtering. They will not only carry out the practical operation of humane slaughter but also spread the idea. Encourage businesses to implement policies and guidelines on humane slaughter. Call for the enactment of humane slaughter-related laws and norms of conduct. Work with veterinary schools to introduce humane slaughtering concepts into the classroom. I agree with that. It's very important to build awareness for humane slaughter.
Let me explain the humane slaughter method in detail. There are several core parts of humane slaughter: unloading, driving, waiting for slaughter, stunning, and stabbing. Take slaughtering pigs as an example: humane slaughtering uses humane loading and unloading techniques to stun animals before slaughtering to alleviate their suffering of animals. Use stun and restraint equipment properly. Load and unload pigs in groups to reduce the pressure on a single pig. Install blue lights to make it easy to keep poultry quiet. Use non-slip floors and low-angle ramps to prevent animals from falling and injuring themselves.
There are several core parts of humane slaughter: unloading, driving, waiting for slaughter, stunning, and stabbing. Pig unloading: The slope of the pig unloading platform is not more than 20 degrees. This is data obtained based on many years of experiments. Drive the pig: drive the pig to use plastic to drive the pig. Before driving a pig is to use a low-voltage electric shock stick, and a contact current, the pig can issue braying and can appear to panic. Now they are gently "coaxed" to move on after a plastic pig paddle. Rest before slaughter: eliminate stress response, restore the body glycogen, conducive to the quality of meat after slaughter. Cut off food and water supply timely. The original pigsty is also divided together, to avoid the strange and bite cross infection. Pens should be surrounded by opaque walls to prevent pigs from panicking when they see the cutting scene outside the pens. Slaughter before the shower: water temperature: 20℃ or so, the intensity of water flow should feel comfortable with the pig appropriate. After the shock stunned the pig, it was stabbed and bled within 15 seconds.
It was bloodletting inside 30 seconds before, because time is long. The pig that is knocked unconscious can wake up again, and wait to have consciousness hind stabbing the pig again since is a bit bloody, so the time is shortened to 15 seconds.
Humane treatment of livestock to be slaughtered can reduce the irritation and pain before slaughter, and reduce the stress before slaughter, thus reducing the speed and degree of muscle acidification, reducing the incidence of white muscle and black dry meat, and improving the quality of meat.
In my way of thinking, based on respect and empathy for life, we are concerned about the life and basic living conditions of farmed animals with the thought of humanism. It will also greatly enrich and improve the human spirit. And animal health and welfare are closely related to human health. This awareness is also a protection for animal health.
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